The Influence of French on the English Language!

french on the english language

The Influence of French on the English Language!

Have you ever wondered why there are so many French words in the English language? Would you like to know why nearly 45% of all English words are of French origin? If you replied yes to both questions, here are a few things you need to know about the influence of the French on the English language.

Cactus offers outstanding immersive language courses for adults and juniors, online language courses and private classes. If you have any questions about any of our courses please call us on +44 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our team of multilingual experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

 

Interesting Facts – The Influence of The French on the English Language:

William the Conqueror

The Norman invasion of England in 1066 had a major impact not only on the country, but also on the English language. William the Conqueror and his merry band of Normans brought with them Norman French, which became the language of the court, government and the upper class for the next three centuries. English continued to be used by ordinary people, and Latin was the language of the church.

During the period when Norman French was the dominant language, English was rarely used in writing, and started to change in many ways. Before the conquest English had a much more complex grammar, however 70 or 80 years later, the grammar had become much simpler. This change is known as the transformation from Old English to Middle English. At the same time Norman French became Anglo-Norman as it was itself affected by English.

 

Over 10,000 words

More than 10,000 French words found their way into English – words associated with government, law, art, literature, food, and many other aspects of life. About three quarters of these words are still used, and words derived directly or indirectly from French now account for more than a third of English vocabulary. In fact English speakers know around 15,000 French words, even before they start learning the language.

Quite a lot of the words of French origin used in English sit alongside native English ones, and in some cases there are words of Latin and/or Greek origin with similar meanings. Beef (from French boeuf) is meat from a cow (from Old English cu), a type of bovine (from Latin bovinus via French bovin). A king (from Old English cyning) can be kingly, royal (from French roial) and regal (from Latin regalis).

In some cases words with the same or similar meanings were borrowed from both Norman French and Parisian French at different times. For example warden comes from Norman French, while guardian comes from Parisian French.

 

Pronunciation and Grammar

The pronunciation of English changed to some extent under the influence of French, as did the spelling. For example, the Old English spellings cw, sc and c became qu, sh and ch, so we now write queen rather than cwen, ship rather than scip, and should rather than scolde.

English grammar did take on a few French structures, such as putting in adjectives after nouns in some expressions – attorney general, secretary general, surgeon general.

 

More Information About Languages:

Are you looking to start learning a language and have full-immersive experience? Are you looking to find our more than the influence of French on the English language? Cactus offers a variety of great language courses across the world, online and in the UK, and private classes.

Learning a language have never been easier and is a great way to start uncover a different culture. Please check our How to Book page for more information on the simple secure and easy online booking process.

For information on any of our courses, please call us on +44 (0) 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our multilingual team will be happy to answer any question you may have.

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Cactus language offers the following types of language courses:

Evening language courses: 23 different languages in 11 UK locations
Language holidays: worldwide immersion courses in the country of the language
Junior language camps: immersion programmes for children and teens across the world
Private tuition: tailor-made and corporate language training solutions throughout the world
TEFL: teacher training courses for both English and other languages all over the world
Online courses: 23 languages online and for teacher training

Top 5 Cities for Foodies

Language and Gastronomy

Top 5 Cities for Foodies.. Across the World!

Each country and culture has its own array of gastronomic specialities, but there’s no denying that some places are just synonymous with good food. Often, it’s countries with French, Spanish and Italian influences that boast a particular gastronomic prowess. However, there are some cities in the world with cuisine that is quite simply on a different level. Here’s our pick of the 5 cities for foodies (and language enthusiasts) across the world. This selection will have you salivating, enthusing….. and returning home a stone heavier!

Cactus offers outstanding language and gastronomy courses for foodies across the world. If you have any questions about any of our courses please call us on +44 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our team of multilingual experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

Continue reading Top 5 Cities for Foodies

Top 3 Places to Learn French in the South of France

Top 3 Places to Learn French in the South of France

Our Top 3 Places to Learn French in the South of France!

The wide range of locations in the south of France can leave you spoilt for choice when it comes to choosing where to learn a French. From beautiful beaches on the French Riviera to the charming, picturesque towns of Provence, there are many place to choose from. What’s more, you can also combine your French course with cooking lessons, wine tasting, or surfing! Here are out Top 3 places to Learn French in the South of France.

Continue reading Top 3 Places to Learn French in the South of France

Top 3 French Summer Camps in France

Top 3 French Summer Camps

Top 3 French Summer Camps in France for Children and Teens

As one of the most spoken languages in the world, with more than 200 million speakers across the world, French is also one of the most widely learned foreign languages. Learning French brings opportunities and can open many doors for young learners. A good command of French can facilitating studying for a degree in France, and it is also often a pre-requisite for working in many of the world’s top organisations, such as the United Nations. Choose one of our Top 3 French Summer Camps in France, home to Musée du Louvre and Cannes International Film Festival, and improve not only your child’s French language skills but also their opportunities in life. Continue reading Top 3 French Summer Camps in France

Language Holidays 50 Plus

Language Holidays 50 Plus

Language Holidays 50 Plus – Learn a Language at Any Age!

Language holidays are not just for school kids and people in their 20s. Being in your 50s or 60s is very different to what it was 20 years ago. People are getting younger (no, really), waiting longer to do certain things, and as a result want to have fun no matter what their age! Our Language Holidays 50 Plus are here to help you make the most of you time while learning a language and discover a different culture.

 

Language Holidays 50 Plus – Benefits and Activities

Learning a language, in the country it is spoken, with a group of like-minded people is a fabulous experience! Which will not only develop your skills but also give you the opportunity to put what you learn inside the classroom into practice outside of the classroom.

You can also combine a language course with other activities such as wine tasting, cooking classes, dancing, photography, art and crafts, cultural seminars and walking tours. The choices are endless and whatever combination you are looking for there is an option to suit your requirements.

You will meet people from all over the world of a similar age, looking for a similar experience – to learn a bit of the language, enjoy the culture and have a great time.

 

Language Holidays 50 Plus – Languages and Places

Our 50 Plus Language courses are offered in many countries across Europe and include English, French, German, Italian, Russian and Spanish. You can learn the language in an incredible city any time of the year. Here we show case just a few of language holidays 50 plus we offer:

 

50 Plus in Seville – Learn Spanish in Andalusia, Spain

Language Holidays 50 Plus

Take one of our 50 Plus Spanish courses in Seville, learn how to cook a proper Spanish paella, go to a Flamenco show and learn Spanish at the same time.

 

50 Plus Italian in Florence – Learn Italian in Tuscany, Italy

Language Holidays 50 Plus

Learn some Italian whilst discovering the art and history of Florence, not to mention the food and wine tasting sessions and a trip to a local vineyard.

 

50 Plus French in Nice – Learn French in Cote D’Azur, France

Language Holidays 50 Plus

Improve your French by taking a 50 Plus French course in Nice and enjoy the Provencal cuisine, the works of Matisse and the surrounding rural villages.

 

DISCOVER OUR LANGUAGE HOLIDAYS 50 PLUS COURSES

 

How to Book a Language Holidays 50 Plus Course?

Please check our How to Book page for more information on the simple secure and easy online booking process. Check the link to find more information about any of Language Holidays 50 Plus Courses.

For information on any of our language courses or Language Holidays 50 Plus, please call us on +44 (0) 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our multilingual team will be happy to answer any question you may have before you start a summer adventure.

 

BOOK YOUR LANGUAGE HOLIDAYS 50 PLUS

Cactus language offers the following types of language courses:

Evening language courses: 23 different languages in 11 UK locations
Language holidays: worldwide immersion courses in the country of the language
Private tuition: tailor-made and corporate language training solutions throughout the world
TEFL: teacher training courses for both English and other languages all over the world
Online courses: for teacher training, English and