The Influence of French on the English Language!

french on the english language

The Influence of French on the English Language!

Have you ever wondered why there are so many French words in the English language? Would you like to know why nearly 45% of all English words are of French origin? If you replied yes to both questions, here are a few things you need to know about the influence of the French on the English language.

Cactus offers outstanding immersive language courses for adults and juniors, online language courses and private classes. If you have any questions about any of our courses please call us on +44 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our team of multilingual experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

 

Interesting Facts – The Influence of The French on the English Language:

William the Conqueror

The Norman invasion of England in 1066 had a major impact not only on the country, but also on the English language. William the Conqueror and his merry band of Normans brought with them Norman French, which became the language of the court, government and the upper class for the next three centuries. English continued to be used by ordinary people, and Latin was the language of the church.

During the period when Norman French was the dominant language, English was rarely used in writing, and started to change in many ways. Before the conquest English had a much more complex grammar, however 70 or 80 years later, the grammar had become much simpler. This change is known as the transformation from Old English to Middle English. At the same time Norman French became Anglo-Norman as it was itself affected by English.

 

Over 10,000 words

More than 10,000 French words found their way into English – words associated with government, law, art, literature, food, and many other aspects of life. About three quarters of these words are still used, and words derived directly or indirectly from French now account for more than a third of English vocabulary. In fact English speakers know around 15,000 French words, even before they start learning the language.

Quite a lot of the words of French origin used in English sit alongside native English ones, and in some cases there are words of Latin and/or Greek origin with similar meanings. Beef (from French boeuf) is meat from a cow (from Old English cu), a type of bovine (from Latin bovinus via French bovin). A king (from Old English cyning) can be kingly, royal (from French roial) and regal (from Latin regalis).

In some cases words with the same or similar meanings were borrowed from both Norman French and Parisian French at different times. For example warden comes from Norman French, while guardian comes from Parisian French.

 

Pronunciation and Grammar

The pronunciation of English changed to some extent under the influence of French, as did the spelling. For example, the Old English spellings cw, sc and c became qu, sh and ch, so we now write queen rather than cwen, ship rather than scip, and should rather than scolde.

English grammar did take on a few French structures, such as putting in adjectives after nouns in some expressions – attorney general, secretary general, surgeon general.

 

More Information About Languages:

Are you looking to start learning a language and have full-immersive experience? Are you looking to find our more than the influence of French on the English language? Cactus offers a variety of great language courses across the world, online and in the UK, and private classes.

Learning a language have never been easier and is a great way to start uncover a different culture. Please check our How to Book page for more information on the simple secure and easy online booking process.

For information on any of our courses, please call us on +44 (0) 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our multilingual team will be happy to answer any question you may have.

Book Your Language Course Now

 

 

Cactus language offers the following types of language courses:

Evening language courses: 23 different languages in 11 UK locations
Language holidays: worldwide immersion courses in the country of the language
Junior language camps: immersion programmes for children and teens across the world
Private tuition: tailor-made and corporate language training solutions throughout the world
TEFL: teacher training courses for both English and other languages all over the world
Online courses: 23 languages online and for teacher training

Finding International Work Experience

International Work Experience

Finding International Work Experience: How to Find Work Abroad

Gaining international work experience comes with many great benefits. From developing your communication skills to strengthening your cultural awareness. Working abroad helps shape you as an individual both personally and professionally. It is a fantastic addition to have on your CV/resume and gives you plenty to discuss in future interviews. All while making lifelong memories and having fun overseas. It’s no surprise why many people strive to work and study abroad!

Cactus offers outstanding language courses for travel enthusiasts across the world, UK and online. If you have any questions about any of our courses please call us on +44 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our team of multilingual experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

Continue reading Finding International Work Experience

10 Facts About Guatemala

Guatemala

Guatemala Facts – 10 Fun and Interesting Facts!

Guatemala is best known as the birthplace of the Mayan civilisation and many of its ancient traditions are present across the country. Guatemala is a land of extraordinary landscapes and a sense of the exotic, and you will also find a profound sense of hospitality among the people, who will invite you to discover all aspects of their country with open arms. Whether you want to persue learning Spanish or just want to discover more about Guatemala for a trip abroad, we have listed some Guatemala facts you need to know. Buen viaje!

Cactus offers outstanding Spanish language courses in Guatemala, in the UK, online and private classes. If you have any questions about any of our Spanish courses please call us on +44 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our team of multilingual experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

Continue reading 10 Facts About Guatemala

Top 5 Cities for Foodies

Language and Gastronomy

Top 5 Cities for Foodies.. Across the World!

Each country and culture has its own array of gastronomic specialities, but there’s no denying that some places are just synonymous with good food. Often, it’s countries with French, Spanish and Italian influences that boast a particular gastronomic prowess. However, there are some cities in the world with cuisine that is quite simply on a different level. Here’s our pick of the 5 cities for foodies (and language enthusiasts) across the world. This selection will have you salivating, enthusing….. and returning home a stone heavier!

Cactus offers outstanding language and gastronomy courses for foodies across the world. If you have any questions about any of our courses please call us on +44 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our team of multilingual experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

Continue reading Top 5 Cities for Foodies

9 Things to Know About Studying German

9 Things to Know About Studying German

9 Things to Know About Studying German – Your Questions Answered!

Are you interested in studying German? Are you wondering whether you could become fluent in less than a year? Do you want to get to know the German culture for real? If you replied yes to these questions, here are 9 things you need to know about studying the German language.

Cactus offers outstanding German language courses for adults and juniors. If you have any questions about any of our courses please call us on +44 1273 830 960 or contact us. Our team of multilingual experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

Continue reading 9 Things to Know About Studying German